Amid the COVID-19 pandemic of the past several months, Congress has taken some important steps to provide federal assistance to people who are struggling economically because of job loss or other related financial hardship. However, the federal COVID-19 relief programs created so far leave out many low-income people, among them immigrants, from key forms of assistance. Fortunately, some states and localities across the country have stepped up to fill some of these significant gaps. Many immigrant community members are concerned about the public charge implications of accessing these programs. This practice alert analyzes the potential public charge consequences of accessing state and local COVID-19 emergency funds and lays out arguments for why the programs should not cause negative public charge effects.