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05/22/2019

What is 287(g)?
287(g) is a program for allowing state and local agencies to act as immigration enforcement agents. Under 287(g), ICE forms an agreement with a state or local agency - most often a county sheriff that runs a local jail - and this agreement delegates specific immigration enforcement authority to designated officers within the local agency. These agreements are also known as “287(g) contracts” or “MOAs” (Memorandum of Agreement). The program gets its name from section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

Why Are 287(g) Agreements Problematic?
287(g) agreements are designed to extend the reach of the Trump deportation machine by getting localities to do ICE’s work at their own expense.  287(g) agreements lead to racial profiling, civil rights violations, isolation of immigrant communities, and family separations. When local officials are working with ICE, police stop and harass Latinx residents at increased rates, while immigrants withdraw from their communities, avoid business that requires them to give their personal information, and decline to participate in public events where law enforcement may be present.  

In 287(g) jurisdictions, ending these contracts is an essential first step to disentangling local law enforcement from ICE, which is why we’ve mapped these agreements nationwide below.

ILRC RESOURCES ON 287(g): 

  • Ending 287(g): A Toolkit for Local Organizers
    A toolkit for local organizers fighting 287(g) agreements in their communities, whether those agreements already exist, are pending, or are a potential threat.

  • 287(g) FOIA Documents
    Collected documents relating to 287(g) from a national FOIA to ICE, including emails about joining the 287(g) program, applications, and interest level of various communities across the country.

  • Ending 287(g) Nationwide
    A one-pager explaining what 287(g) agreements are basic facts about the voluntary contracts, and steps to end the program nationwide.

  • Ending 287(g) In Texas
    One in three 287(g) agreements are currently in Texas. This one-pager explains what 287(g) agreements are, identifies the 25 Texas counties that have them, and steps to we need to take to end the program.

  • Digital Media Toolkit for Ending 287(g)
    This digital toolkit includes talking points and sample social media posts.

  • Warrant Service Officer (WSO) Program FAQ
    FAQ about ICE’s newest model of 287(g), the Warrant Service Officer (WSO) program.

  • Warrant Service Officer (WSO) Program MOA
    The WSO is a mini-287(g) agreement that is designed to re-create the days when sheriffs held people on detainers everywhere. This is a sample MOA for the WSO program. 

National Map of 287(g) Agreements

The map below represents the 89 total jurisdictions across 21 states that currently have 287(g) agreements under the jail enforcement and Warrant Service Officer models. It also shows some of the jurisdictions that terminated these programs.

Jurisdictions that are colored red represent the 52 jurisdictions that signed 287(g) agreements during the Trump administration; yellow represents the 27 jurisdictions that signed 287(g) agreements before the Trump administration; blue represents the 10 jurisdictions that signed 287(g) agreements under the Warrant Service Officer Program; and green represents 22 jurisdictions that have ended 287(g) agreements.